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A. Educational and Preventive Measures

  1. The District will ensure that all examinations-inoculations required of students and staff have been obtained.
  2. The school nurse shall be responsible for the appropriate maintenance of a health station in the building. The nurse shall ensure that a list of communicable diseases as defined by the Department of Health shall be posted in the health station and that information regarding the suppression and control of communicable disease is available for review by interested students and staff.
  3. Information regarding suppression and control of communicable diseases will be included as a regular part of the curriculum for students and will be included in staff orientation programs.
  4. Standard procedures as set forth in the current edition of Control of Communicable Diseases Manual” 18th edition, David L. Heymann, MD, editor. to prevent the spread of communicable diseases transmitted by air (such as tuberculosis, chicken pox, measles, mumps, and rubella) or by exchange of body fluids (such as hepatitis A and B, rotavirus, cytomeglovirus, salmonella, staphylococcus aureus, and AIDS) and the spread of other conditions such as pediculosis, scabies, and body lice) will be followed by all staff in the performance of their duties.
  5. First-aid kits and other supplies and equipment appropriate to reducing the risk of transmission of communicable diseases in the school environment, as determined by the school nurse in cooperation with local public health officials, will be provided in the District.

B. Confidentiality/Reporting

  1. The District Administrator shall function as the District’s liaison with students and staff, parents, physicians, public health officials, and the community-at-large concerning communicable disease issues in the District.
  2. Any person who knows or suspects that a student or staff member has a communicable disease shall report the facts to the School Nurse and the District Administrator.
  3. The District Administrator will confer with the nurse serving the school, and, to the extent circumstances warrant and permit, with the subject of the report and, in the case of a student, the student’s parent or guardian.
  4. If required pursuant to public health statutes and regulations, the District Administrator will make a report to the local public health officer.
  5. The District will maintain the confidentiality of the health records of students and staff, and will not disclose any such records except to the extent required or permitted by law and essential to the safe conduct of the District’s operations.

C. Exclusion from School

  1. Students
    1. Students who are suspected of having a communicable disease that could be detrimental to the health of self or others in the school may be sent home for diagnosis and treatment. Students who are diagnosed as having a communicable disease that renders them unable to pursue their studies or poses a significant risk of transmission to others in the school shall be excused from school attendance until their presence no longer poses a threat to the health of themselves or others.
    2. The determination as to whether and under what circumstances a student may be sent home for diagnosis and treatment or excused from school attendance shall be made by the District Administrator, in consultation with the nurse and, where appropriate, with local public health officials.
    3. Before making a determination that a student should be sent home for diagnosis and treatment or excused from school attendance, the District Administrator, health care team reviewing the case shall, to the extent circumstances warrant and permit, inform the student and the student’s parent or guardian of the reasons for the contemplated action and shall consider any information the student and/or the student’s parent or guardian may choose to offer regarding the student’s condition. If a student is sent home or excused from school attendance pursuant to this procedure, the District Administrator shall immediately notify the student’s parent or guardian of the action and the reasons thereof.
    4. Alternative educational opportunities will be arranged for students who must be excused from school attendance for a significant period of time as per state statutes.
    5. The District Administrator, in consultation with the nurse and, where appropriate, with local health officials shall determine when a student who has been excused from school attendance may be readmitted. As a condition of continued or renewed attendance, the District may require a statement from a student’s physician to attend school.
  2. Appeals
    1. A parent or guardian of a student who disputes the determination or action of the District Administrator, health care team, concerning exclusion of a student from school attendance pursuant to this procedure may appeal such determination or action by bringing or sending a complaint to the District using the District’s established complaint procedures

D. Health Care Team

The health care team will consist of the District Administrator, Principal, nurse, the local public health officer, and to the extent that the cooperation of such individuals can be obtained – the student and/or the student’s parent or guardian, and the student’s physician. The team will confer, as necessary, with the District’s medical consultant and legal counsel and with state public health officials.

The health care team will convene at the request of the District Administrator to determine whether and under what circumstances a student may be sent home for diagnosis and treatment or excused from school attendance. The health care team may also receive referrals for the purpose of formulating recommendations regarding educational program modifications short of exclusion that could permit the student to attend school without posing a significant threat to the health of self or others.

The health status of a student temporarily removed from the usual school setting will be reevaluated by the health care team at regular intervals.

The health care team may provide information to the District Administrator, Principal and Board to the extent permitted according to confidentiality requirements.

E. Staff

  1. If there is a reasonable cause to believe that a staff member has a communicable disease that could be detrimental to the health of self or others in the school environment, the District reserves the right, in consultation with the school nurse and in accord with existing Board policies and/or collective bargaining agreement provisions, to require a medical examination of the staff member at District expense and physician’s statement indicating whether the staff member is in suitable condition to continue working.
  2. The determination as to whether and under what circumstances a staff member’s communicable disease poses a significant health risk to others in the school environment or makes adequate performances impossible shall be made to the District Administrator (or designee), in consultation with the school nurse and, where appropriate, the local public health officials.
  3. Before asking a determination that a staff member should be excused from work, the District Administrator shall inform the staff member of the reasons for the contemplated action and shall consider any information the staff member may choose to offer regarding his/her condition. The District Administrator shall also consider whether a reasonable accommodation could eliminate the health risk to the staff member or others and/or permit adequate performance.
  4. The School Board and District Administrator/Principal shall provide written notice to any staff member excused from work pursuant to this procedure. Staff so excused may utilize any applicable alternative employment opportunities provided under existing Board policies and/or collective bargaining agreement provisions – which may include sick leave, unpaid leave of absence, or reassignment – but are not guaranteed continued or renewed employment except to he extended provided under such policies or provisions.
  5. Staff whose employment is terminated because of a communicable disease may receive such post-employment benefits as are provided pursuant to existing Board policies, collective bargaining agreements, and state and federal law.

F. Appeals

Staff excused from work pursuant to this procedure and subject to a collective bargaining agreement may appeal the District Administrator’s determination or action according to the grievance procedure set forth in the collective bargaining agreement.

Staff excused from work pursuant to this procedure and not subject to a collective bargaining agreement may appeal the District Administrator’s determination or action according to the procedure set forth in this policy

Except to the extent prohibited by law or by Board policies or collective bargaining agreement provisions, a staff member may be excused from work, during the period when an appeal is pending.

G. HIV Infection/AIDS

  1. General

    In addition to maintaining normal confidentiality regarding health records of students and staff, the District will not disclose the results of a test for the presence of an antibody to HIV except as expressly authorized by law or by the staff member or parent/guardian of a student tested. Except as authorized by the affected staff member and/or parent/guardian, knowledge that a student or staff member is HIV-infected will be disclosed only to those persons with a direct need to know.

    Health records of students and staff concerning HIV infections will be kept separate from the remainder of the affected individual’s records and will be disclosed only to the extent required or permitted by law.
  2. Students
    1. As a general rule, students suspected of or diagnosed as HIV-infected will be allowed to attend school in their regular classroom setting and should be considered eligible for all rights, privileges, and services provided by law and District policy.
    2. Decisions regarding the type of educational setting appropriate for suspected or diagnosed HIV-infected students will be made on an individual basis and will be based, on an objective assessment by the health care team of the behavior, neurological development, and physical condition of each affected student and of that student’s expected type of interaction with others in that setting.
    3. If it is determined that an HIV-infected student endangers the health of students or staff or poses a risk of significantly exposing students or staff to HIV, the student may be placed in a more restricted setting. If homebound instruction is necessary, the homebound tutor will be advised regarding the standard procedures to be followed to prevent transmission of communicable diseases through exchange of body fluids.
    4. HIV-infected students may be immunodeficient and their health may therefore be threatened when other communicable diseases are present in the school environment. For each student known to be HIV infected, the school nurse will notify the student’s parent or guardian when such communicable diseases occur in the school. Upon the recommendation of the school nurse, students who may be exposed to a significant health risk because of their own immunodeficiencies may be excused from school attendance by the Principal, upon request, until such time as the risk has abated.
  3. Staff
    1. The District will not solicit or require a test for the presence of an antibody to HIV as a condition of employment and will not affect the terms, conditions, or privileges of employment of any staff member because the staff member obtained such a test.
    2. HIV- infected staff may be immunodeficient, and their health may therefore be threatened when other communicable diseases are present in the school. The school nurse will notify each staff member known to be HIV-infected when such communicable diseases occur in the school. Upon recommendation of the nurse, staff who may be exposed to a significant health risk because of their own immunodeficiencies may be excused from performance of their regular duties by the District Administrator, upon request, until such time as the risk has abated. During this period, at the discretion of the District, staff so excused may be reassigned to other duties to the extent permitted by Board policies and/or collective bargaining agreement provisions. Staff not assigned may utilize any applicable alternative employment opportunities provided under Board policies and/or collective bargaining agreement provision.