The following guidelines are meant to provide simple and effective precautions against transmission of disease for all persons potentially exposed to the blood or body fluids of any student. No distinction is made between body fluids from students with known disease or those from students without symptoms or with an undiagnosed disease.
- The body fluids of all persons should be considered to contain potentially infections agents (bacteria and viruses). The term, “body fluids,” includes: blood; semen; drainage from scrapes, cuts and open lesions; feces; urine; vomitus; respiratory secretions (for example: nasal discharge); and saliva. Contact with body fluids presents a risk of infection with a variety of infectious agents. In general, however, the risk is very low and dependent on a variety of factors including the type of fluid with which contact is made and the type of contact made.
- When possible, direct skin contact with body fluids should be avoided. All staff are to use disposable gloves whenever they come in contact with body fluids in the school. If any contact is made with body fluids, hands should be washed afterwards. Gloves used for this purpose should be put in a plastic bag or lined trash can, secured, and disposed of daily. Biohazard bags are available for containment of materials saturated with blood or body fluids.
- Unanticipated skin contact with body fluids may occur. In these instances, hands and other affected skin areas of all exposed persons should be routinely washed with soap and water after direct contact has ceased. Using disposable gloves, place clothing and other non-disposable items in secured plastic bags with appropriate information and directions to parents. Also using disposable gloves, place disposable items (for example, tissues, paper towels, diapers securely in plastic bags and dispose of immediately.
- The following cleaning and disinfection procedures are to be in place for removing body fluids. Sanitary absorbent agents specifically intended for cleaning body spills are to be used in removing body fluids. Disposable gloves are to be worn when using these agents. The absorbent agent is to be applied to the area, left for a few minutes to absorb the fluid, and then vacuumed or swept up. The vacuum bag or sweepings should be disposed of in a plastic bag. The broom and dustpan are to be rinsed and disinfected.
- Proper hand washing requires the use of soap and water and vigorous washing under a stream of warm running water for approximately 20 seconds. Rinse under warm running water to carry away dirt and debris. Use paper towels to thoroughly dry.
- An intermediate-level disinfectant is to be used to clean surfaces contaminated with body fluids. The disinfectant should be registered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for use as a disinfectant and applied for the appropriate length of time as specified by the manufacturer for disinfection (decontamination)
- After removing the body fluid spill, a disinfectant is to be applied. Mops are to be soaked in the disinfectant after use and rinsed thoroughly or washed in a hot water cycle before rinse. Disposable cleaning equipment and water are to be placed in a toilet or plastic bag as appropriate. Non-disposable cleaning equipment (dustpans, buckets) are to be thoroughly rinsed in the disinfectant. The disinfectant solution is to be promptly disposed down a drain pipe. Remove gloves and discard in appropriate receptacles.
- For rugs, apply sanitary absorbent agent, let dry and vacuum. If necessary, mechanically remove dustpan and broom, then apply rug shampoo (a germicidal detergent) with a brush and re-vacuum. Rinse dustpan and broom in disinfectant. Wash brush with soap and water. Dispose of non-reusable cleaning equipment (vacuum bag) as noted above.